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Bill C-4

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First Session, Forty-second Parliament,
64 Elizabeth II, 2015-2016
HOUSE OF COMMONS OF CANADA
BILL C-4
An Act to amend the Canada Labour Code, the Parliamentary Employment and Staff Relations Act, the Public Service Labour Relations Act and the Income Tax Act
FIRST READING, JANUARY 28, 2016
MINISTER OF EMPLOYMENT, WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT AND LABOUR
90783


SUMMARY
This enactment amends the Canada Labour Code, the Parliamentary Employment and Staff Relations Act and the Public Service Labour Relations Act to restore the procedures for the certification and the revocation of certification of bargaining agents that existed before June 16, 2015.
It also amends the Income Tax Act to remove from that Act the requirement that labour organizations and labour trusts provide annually to the Minister of National Revenue certain information returns containing specific information that would be made available to the public.
Available on the Parliament of Canada Web Site at the following address:
http://www.parl.gc.ca


1st Session, 42nd Parliament,
64 Elizabeth II, 2015-2016
HOUSE OF COMMONS OF CANADA
BILL C-4
An Act to amend the Canada Labour Code, the Parliamentary Employment and Staff Relations Act, the Public Service Labour Relations Act and the Income Tax Act
Her Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate and House of Commons of Canada, enacts as follows:
R.‍S.‍, c. L-2

Canada Labour Code

2014, c. 40, s. 2
1Section 28 of the Canada Labour Code is replaced by the following:
Duty to certify trade union
28The Board shall, subject to this Part, certify a trade union as the bargaining agent for a bargaining unit if the Board
(a) has received from the trade union an application for certification as the bargaining agent for a unit;
(b) has determined the unit that constitutes a unit appropriate for collective bargaining; and
(c) is satisfied that, as of the date of the filing of the application or of any other date that the Board considers appropriate, a majority of the employees in the unit wish to have the trade union represent them as their bargaining agent.
2(1) Section 29 of the Act is amended by adding the following before subsection (1.‍1):
Representation vote
29
(1) The Board may, in any case, for the purpose of satisfying itself as to whether employees in a unit wish to have a particular trade union represent them as their bargaining agent, order that a representation vote be taken among the employees in the unit.
(2) Section 29 of the Act is amended by adding the following after subsection (1.‍1):
Mandatory vote
(2) 
If a trade union applies for certification as the bargaining agent for a unit in respect of which no other trade union is the bargaining agent, and the Board is satisfied that not less than 35% and not more than 50% of the employees in the unit are members of the trade union, the Board shall order that a representation vote be taken among the employees in the unit.
2014, c. 40, s. 4(1)
3(1) Subsection 38(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:
Application for revocation of certification
38(1) If a trade union has been certified as the bargaining agent for a bargaining unit, any employee who claims to represent a majority of the employees in the bargaining unit may, subject to subsection (5), apply to the Board for an order revoking the certification of that trade union.
2014, c. 40, s. 4(2)
(2) Subsection 38(3) of the Act is replaced by the following:
Application for order that bargaining agent not entitled to represent bargaining unit
(3) If a collective agreement applicable to a bargaining unit is in force but the bargaining agent that is a party to the collective agreement has not been certified by the Board, any employee who claims to represent a majority of the employees in the bargaining unit may, subject to subsection (5), apply to the Board for an order declaring that the bargaining agent is not entitled to represent the employees in the bargaining unit.
2014, c. 40, s. 5
4Section 39 of the Act is replaced by the following:
Order revoking certification or declaring bargaining agent not entitled to represent bargaining unit
39(1)If, on receipt of an application for an order made under subsection 38(1) or (3) in respect of a bargaining agent for a bargaining unit, and after any inquiry by way of a representation vote or otherwise that the Board considers appropriate in the circumstances, the Board is satisfied that a majority of the employees in the bargaining unit no longer wish to have the bargaining agent represent them, the Board shall, subject to subsection (2), by order,
(a) 
in the case of an application made under subsection 38(1), revoke the certification of the trade union as the bargaining agent for the bargaining unit; or
(b) in the case of an application made under subsection 38(3), declare that the bargaining agent is not entitled to represent the employees in the bargaining unit.
Limitation
(2) 
If no collective agreement applicable to a bargaining unit is in force, an order shall not be made under paragraph (1)‍(a) in relation to the bargaining agent for the bargaining unit unless the Board is satisfied that the bargaining agent has failed to make a reasonable effort to enter into a collective agreement in relation to the bargaining unit.
R.‍S.‍, c. 33 (2nd Supp.‍)

Parliamentary Employment and Staff Relations Act

2014, c. 40, s. 6
5Section 25 of the Parliamentary Employment and Staff Relations Act is replaced by the following:
Certification of employee organization as bargaining unit
25The Board shall, subject to this Part, certify an employee organization as bargaining agent for the employees in a bargaining unit if the Board
(a) has received from the employee organization an application for certification as the bargaining agent for the bargaining unit in accordance with this Part;
(b) has determined the group of employees that constitutes a unit appropriate for collective bargaining in accordance with section 23;
(c) is satisfied that a majority of employees in the bargaining unit wish the employee organization to represent them as their bargaining agent; and
(d) is satisfied that the persons representing the employee organization in the making of the application have been duly authorized to make the application.
2014, c. 40, s. 7(1)
6(1) The portion of subsection 26(1) of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:
Powers of Board in relation to certification
26(1) For the purpose of enabling the Board to discharge any obligation imposed by section 25 to satisfy itself as to the matters described in paragraphs (c) and (d) of that section, the Board may
(2) Section 26 of the Act is amended by adding the following after subsection (1):
Representation vote directed to be taken
(2) 
For the purpose of satisfying itself under paragraph 25(c) that a majority of employees in the bargaining unit wish the employee organization to represent them as their bargaining agent, the Board, in its sole discretion, may direct that a representation vote be taken among the employees in the bargaining unit.
2014, c. 40, s. 7(3)
(3) The portion of subsection 26(3) of the Act before paragraph (a) is replaced by the following:
Arrangements to be made for representation vote
(3) If, under subsection (2), the Board directs that a representation vote be taken, the Board shall
2014, c. 40, s. 8(1)
7(1) Subsection 29(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:
Application for declaration that employee organization no longer represents employees
29(1) If a collective agreement or an arbitral award is in force in respect of a bargaining unit, any person claiming to represent a majority of the employees in the bargaining unit may, in accordance with subsection (2), apply to the Board for a declaration that the employee organization certified as bargaining agent for that bargaining unit no longer represents a majority of the employees in the bargaining unit.
2014, c. 40, s. 8(2)
(2) Subsections 29(3) to (5) of the Act are replaced by the following:
If no collective agreement or award in force
(3) If no collective agreement or arbitral award is in force in respect of a bargaining unit, any person claiming to represent a majority of the employees in the bargaining unit may, at any time after the 12-month period following the date of certification of the bargaining agent for that bargaining unit, apply to the Board for a declaration that the employee organization certified as bargaining agent for that bargaining unit no longer represents a majority of the employees in the bargaining unit.
Taking of representation vote
(4) On an application under subsection (1) or (3), the Board in its sole discretion may direct the taking of a representation vote to determine whether a majority of the employees in the bargaining unit no longer wish to be represented by the employee organization that is the bargaining agent for that bargaining unit, and in relation to the taking of such a vote the provisions of subsection 26(3) apply.
Revocation of certification of employee organization
(5) After hearing any application under subsection (1) or (3), the Board shall revoke the certification of an employee organization as bargaining agent for a bargaining unit if the Board is satisfied that a majority of the employees in the bargaining unit no longer wish to be represented by the employee organization.
2003, c. 22, s. 2

Public Service Labour Relations Act

2014, c. 40, s. 9
8Subsections 64(1) and (1.‍1) of the Public Service Labour Relations Act are replaced by the following:
Conditions for certification
64(1) After having determined the unit appropriate for collective bargaining, the Board must certify the applicant employee organization as the bargaining agent for the bargaining unit if the Board is satisfied
(a) that a majority of employees in that bargaining unit wish the applicant employee organization to represent them as their bargaining agent;
(b) that the persons representing the employee organization in the making of the application have been duly authorized to make the application; and
(c) if the applicant is a council of employee organizations, that each of the employee organizations forming the council has vested appropriate authority in the council to enable it to discharge the duties and responsibilities of a bargaining agent.
9Section 65 of the Act is amended by adding the following before subsection (2):
Representation vote
65
(1) The Board may order that a representation vote be taken among the employees in the bargaining unit for the purpose of satisfying itself that a majority of them wish the applicant employee organization to represent them as their bargaining agent.
2014, c. 40, s. 11
10Subsection 94(1) of the Act is replaced by the following:
When employee organization no longer represents employees
94(1) Any person claiming to represent a majority of the employees in a bargaining unit bound by a collective agreement or an arbitral award may apply to the Board for a declaration that the employee organization that is certified as the bargaining agent for the bargaining unit no longer represents a majority of the employees in the bargaining unit.
2014, c. 40, s. 12
11Sections 95 and 96 of the Act are replaced by the following:
Taking of representation vote
95After the application is made, the Board may order that a representation vote be taken to determine whether a majority of the employees in the bargaining unit no longer wish to be represented by the employee organization that is the bargaining agent for that bargaining unit. The provisions of subsection 65(2) apply in relation to the taking of the vote.
Revocation of certification
96If, after hearing the application, the Board is satisfied that a majority of the employees in the bargaining unit no longer wish to be represented by the employee organization, it must revoke the certification of the employee organization as the bargaining agent.
R.‍S.‍, c. 1 (5th Supp.‍)

Income Tax Act

12Section 149.‍01 of the Income Tax Act is repealed.
13Subsection 239(2.‍31) of the Act is repealed.

Transitional Provisions

Canada Labour Code — existing applications
14If the Canada Industrial Relations Board has, during the period beginning on June 16, 2015 and ending immediately before the day on which section 1 comes into force, received an application for certification referred to in paragraph 28(2)‍(a) of the Canada Labour Code or an application for an order made under subsection 38(1) or (3) of that Act, and the application has not been finally disposed of before that coming into force, that application is to be dealt with and disposed of in accordance with that Act as it read immediately before that coming into force.
Parliamentary Employment and Staff Relations Act — existing applications
15If the Public Service Labour Relations and Employment Board has, during the period beginning on June 16, 2015 and ending immediately before the day on which section 5 comes into force, received an application for certification referred to in paragraph 25(2)‍(a) of the Parliamentary Employment and Staff Relations Act or an application for a declaration made under subsection 29(1) or (3) of that Act, and the application has not been finally disposed of before that coming into force, that application is to be dealt with and disposed of in accordance with that Act as it read immediately before that coming into force.
Public Service Labour Relations Act — existing applications
16If the Public Service Labour Relations and Employment Board has, during the period beginning on June 16, 2015 and ending immediately before the day on which section 8 comes into force, received an application for certification referred to in paragraph 64(1.‍1)‍(a) of the Public Service Labour Relations Act or an application for a declaration made under subsection 94(1) of that Act, and the application has not been finally disposed of before that coming into force, that application is to be dealt with and disposed of in accordance with that Act as it read immediately before that coming into force.

Coming into Force

Third day after royal assent
17This Act, other than sections 12 and 13, comes into force on the third day after the day on which it receives royal assent.
Published under authority of the Speaker of the House of Commons



EXPLANATORY NOTES
Canada Labour Code
Clause 1: Existing text of section 28:
Duty to certify trade union
28(1) If the Board is satisfied on the basis of the results of a secret ballot representation vote that a majority of the employees in a unit who have cast a ballot have voted to have a trade union represent them as their bargaining agent, the Board shall, subject to this Part, certify the trade union as the bargaining agent for the unit.
Representation vote
(2) The Board shall order that a secret ballot representation vote be taken among the employees in a unit if the Board
(a) has received from a trade union an application for certification as the bargaining agent for the unit;
(b) has determined that the unit constitutes a unit appropriate for collective bargaining; and
(c) is satisfied on the basis of evidence of membership in the trade union that, as of the date of the filing of the application, at least 40% of the employees in the unit wish to have the trade union represent them as their bargaining agent.
Clause 2: (1) and (2) New.
Clause 3: (1) Existing text of subsection 38(1):
Application for revocation of certification
38(1) If a trade union has been certified as the bargaining agent for a bargaining unit, any employee who claims to represent at least 40% of the employees in the bargaining unit may, subject to subsection (5), apply to the Board for an order revoking the certification of that trade union.
(2) Existing text of subsection 38(3):
Application for order that bargaining agent not entitled to represent bargaining unit
(3) If a collective agreement applicable to a bargaining unit is in force but the bargaining agent that is a party to the collective agreement has not been certified by the Board, any employee who claims to represent at least 40% of the employees in the bargaining unit may, subject to subsection (5), apply to the Board for an order declaring that the bargaining agent is not entitled to represent the employees in the bargaining unit. 
Clause 4: Existing text of section 39:
Order revoking certification or declaring bargaining agent not entitled to represent bargaining unit
39If the Board has received an application for an order made under subsection 38(1) or (3) in respect of a bargaining agent for a bargaining unit, the Board shall grant the order if
(a) it is satisfied on the basis of written evidence that, as of the date of the filing of the application, at least 40% of the employees in the bargaining unit no longer wish to have the bargaining agent represent them, and
(b) it is satisfied on the basis of the results of a secret ballot representation vote that a majority of the employees in the bargaining unit who have cast a ballot no longer wish to be represented by the bargaining agent.
Parliamentary Employment and Staff Relations Act
Clause 5: Existing text of section 25:
Duty to certify employee organization
25(1) If the Board is satisfied on the basis of the results of a secret ballot representation vote that a majority of the employees in a proposed bargaining unit who have cast a ballot have voted to have an employee organization represent them as their bargaining agent, the Board shall, subject to this Part, certify the employee organization as bargaining agent for the employees in the unit.
Representation vote
(2) The Board shall direct that a secret ballot representation vote be taken among a group of employees if the Board
(a) has received from an employee organization an application for certification as bargaining agent for a bargaining unit in accordance with this Part;
(b) has determined, in accordance with section 23, that the group of employees constitutes a unit appropriate for collective bargaining;
(c) is satisfied on the basis of evidence of membership in the employee organization that, as of the date of the filing of the application, at least 40% of the employees in the unit wish to have the employee organization represent them as their bargaining agent; and
(d) is satisfied that the persons representing the employee organ-ization in the making of the application have been duly authorized to make the application.
Clause 6: (1) Relevant portion of subsection 26(1):
Powers of Board in relation to certification
26(1) For the purpose of enabling the Board to discharge any obligation imposed by section 25 to satisfy itself as to the matters described in subsection 25(1) and paragraphs 25(2)‍(c) and (d), the Board may
(2) New.
(3) Relevant portion of subsection 26(3):
Arrangements to be made for representation vote
(3) If the Board directs that a representation vote be taken, the Board shall
Clause 7: Existing text of subsection 29(1):
Application for declaration that employee organization no longer represents employees
29(1) If a collective agreement or an arbitral award is in force in respect of a bargaining unit, any person claiming to represent at least 40% of the employees in the bargaining unit may, in accordance with subsection (2), apply to the Board for a declaration that the employee organization certified as bargaining agent for that bargaining unit no longer represents a majority of the employees therein.
(2) Existing text of subsections 29(3) to (5):
Where no collective agreement or award in force
(3) If no collective agreement or arbitral award is in force in respect of a bargaining unit, any person claiming to represent at least 40% of the employees in the bargaining unit may, at any time after the expiration of twelve months from the date of certification of the bargaining agent for that bargaining unit, apply to the Board for a declaration that the employee organization certified as bargaining agent for that bargaining unit no longer represents a majority of the employees therein.
Taking of representation vote
(4) On an application under subsection (1) or (3), if the Board is satisfied on the basis of written evidence that, as of the date of the filing of an application for a declaration made under subsection (1) or (3), as the case may be, at least 40% of the employees in the bargaining unit no longer wish to have the employee organization represent them, the Board shall order that a secret ballot representation vote be taken. The provisions of subsection 26(3) apply in relation to the taking of the vote.
Revocation of certification of employee organization
(5) On an application under subsection (1) or (3), if after conducting the secret ballot representation vote referred to in subsection (4), the Board is satisfied that a majority of the employees in the bargaining unit who have cast a ballot no longer wish to be represented by the employee organization, it must revoke the certification of the employee organization as the bargaining agent.
Public Service Labour Relations Act
Clause 8: Existing text of subsections 64(1) and (1.‍1):
Duty to certify employee organization
64(1) If the Board is satisfied on the basis of the results of a secret ballot representation vote that a majority of the employees in a proposed bargaining unit who have cast a ballot have voted to have the applicant employee organization represent them as their bargaining agent, the Board must, subject to this Part, certify the employee organization as the bargaining agent for the unit.
Representation vote
(1.‍1) After having determined a unit appropriate for collective bargaining, the Board must order that a secret ballot representation vote be taken among the employees in the unit if it is satisfied
(a) on the basis of evidence of membership in the employee organization that, as of the date of the filing of the application, at least 40% of the employees in the unit wish to have the employee organization represent them as their bargaining agent;
(b) that the persons representing the employee organization in the making of the application have been duly authorized to make the application; and
(c) if the applicant is a council of employee organizations, that each of the employee organizations forming the council has vested appropriate authority in the council to enable it to discharge the duties and responsibilities of a bargaining agent.
Clause 9: New.
Clause 10: Existing text of subsection 94(1):
When employee organization no longer represents employees
94(1) Any person claiming to represent at least 40% of the employees in the bargaining unit bound by a collective agreement or an arbitral award may apply to the Board for a declaration that the employee organization that is certified as the bargaining agent for the bargaining unit no longer represents a majority of the employees in the bargaining unit.
Clause 11: Existing text of sections 95 and 96:
Taking of representation vote
95If the Board is satisfied on the basis of written evidence that, as of the date of the filing of an application for a declaration made under subsection 94(1), at least 40% of the employees in the bargaining unit no longer wish to have the employee organization represent them, the Board shall order that a representation vote be taken. The provisions of subsection 65(2) apply in relation to the taking of the vote.
Revocation of certification
96If, after conducting the representation vote referred to in section 95, the Board is satisfied that a majority of the employees in the bargaining unit who have cast a ballot no longer wish to be represented by the employee organization, it must revoke the certification of the employee organization as the bargaining agent.
Income Tax Act
Clause 12: Existing text of section 149.‍01:
Definitions
149.‍01(1) The following definitions apply in section 149 and in this section.
labour organization includes a labour society and any organization formed for purposes which include the regulation of relations between employers and employees, and includes a duly organized group or federation, congress, labour council, joint council, conference, general committee or joint board of such organizations. (organisation ouvrière)
labour relations activities means activities associated with the preparation for, and participation in, the negotiation of collective bargaining agreements and the administration and enforcement of collective agreements to which the labour organization is a signatory. (activités de relations de travail)
labour trust means a trust or fund in which a labour organization has a legal, beneficial or financial interest or that is established or maintained in whole or in part for the benefit of a labour organization, its members or the persons it represents. (fiducie de syndicat)
Information return
(2) Every labour organization and every labour trust shall, by way of electronic filing (as defined in subsection 150.‍1(1)) and within six months from the end of each fiscal period, file with the Minister an information return for the year, in prescribed form and containing prescribed information.
Content of return
(3) The information return referred to in subsection (2) shall include:
(a) a set of financial statements for the fiscal period, in such form and containing such particulars and other information as may be prescribed relating to the financial position of the labour organization or labour trust, including
(i) a balance sheet showing the assets and liabilities of the labour organization or labour trust made up as of the last day of the fiscal period, and
(ii) a statement of income and expenditures of the labour organization or labour trust for the fiscal period;
(b) a set of statements for the fiscal period setting out the aggregate amount of all transactions and all disbursements — or book value in the case of investments and assets — with all transactions and all disbursements, the cumulative value of which in respect of a particular payer or payee for the period is greater than $5,000, shown as separate entries along with the name of the payer and payee and setting out for each of those transactions and disbursements its purpose and description and the specific amount that has been paid or received, or that is to be paid or received, and including
(i) a statement of accounts receivable,
(ii) a statement of loans exceeding $250 receivable from officers, employees, members or businesses,
(iii) a statement showing the sale of investments and fixed assets including a description, cost, book value, and sale price,
(iv) a statement showing the purchase of investments and fixed assets including a description, cost, book value, and price paid,
(v) a statement of accounts payable,
(vi) a statement of loans payable,
(vii) a statement of disbursements to officers, directors and trustees, to employees with compensation over $100,000 and to persons in positions of authority who would reasonably be expected to have, in the ordinary course, access to material information about the business, operations, assets or revenue of the labour organization or labour trust, including gross salary, stipends, periodic payments, benefits (including pension obligations), vehicles, bonuses, gifts, service credits, lump sum payments, other forms of remuneration and, without limiting the generality of the foregoing, any other consideration provided,
(vii.‍1) a statement with a reasonable estimate of the percentage of time dedicated by persons referred to in subparagraph (vii) to each of political activities, lobbying activities and other non-labour relations activities,
(viii) a statement with the aggregate amount of disbursements to employees and contractors including gross salary, stipends, periodic payments, benefits (including pension obligations), vehicles, bonuses, gifts, service credits, lump sum payments, other forms of remuneration and, without limiting the generality of the foregoing, any other consideration provided,
(viii.‍1) a statement with a reasonable estimate of the percentage of time dedicated by persons referred to in subparagraph (viii) to each of political activities, lobbying activities and other non-labour relations activities,
(ix) a statement with the aggregate amount of disbursements on labour relations activities,
(x) a statement of disbursements on polit­ical activities,
(xi) a statement of disbursements on lobbying activities,
(xii) a statement of contributions, gifts, and grants,
(xiii) a statement with the aggregate amount of disbursements on administration,
(xiv) a statement with the aggregate amount of disbursements on general overhead,
(xv) a statement with the aggregate amount of disbursements on organizing activities,
(xvi) a statement with the aggregate amount of disbursements on collective bargaining activities,
(xvii) a statement of disbursements on conference and convention activities,
(xviii) a statement of disbursements on education and training activities,
(xix) a statement with the aggregate amount of disbursements on legal activities, excluding information protected by solicitor-client privilege,
(xix.‍1) a statement of disbursements (other than disbursements included in a statement referred to in any of subparagraphs (iv), (vii), (viii) and (ix) to (xix)) on all activities other than those that are primarily carried on for members of the labour organization or labour trust, excluding information protected by solicitor-client privilege, and
(xx) any other prescribed statements;
(c) a statement for the fiscal period listing the sales of investments and fixed assets to, and the purchases of investments and fixed assets from, non-arm’s length parties, including for each property a description of the property and its cost, book value and sale price;
(d) a statement for the fiscal period listing all other transactions with non-arm’s length parties; and
(e) in the case of a labour organization or labour trust having its headquarters situated outside Canada, a statement in the prescribed form and containing such particulars as may be prescribed showing
(i) amounts paid or credited to the labour organization or labour trust in the fiscal period by, on behalf of or in respect of taxpayers resident in Canada, and
(ii) expenditures made by the labour organization or labour trust in the fiscal period inside or outside Canada and recorded separately in the accounts of the labour organization or labour trust as being directly related to its operations in Canada.
Communication of information
(4) Despite section 241, the information contained in the information return referred to in subsection 149.‍01(2) shall be made available to the public by the Minister, including publication on the departmental Internet site in a searchable format.
Disbursement
(5) For greater certainty, a disbursement referred to in any of subparagraphs (3)‍(b)‍(viii) to (xx) includes a disbursement made through a third party or contractor.
Subsection (2) does not apply
(6) Subsection (2) does not apply to
(a) a labour-sponsored venture capital corporation; and
(b) a labour trust the activities and operations of which are limited exclusively to the administration, management or investments of a deferred profit sharing plan, an employee life and health trust, a group sickness or accident insurance plan, a group term life insurance policy, a private health services plan, a registered pension plan or a supplementary unemployment benefit plan.
Reporting not required
(7) Subsection (3) does not require the reporting of
(a) information, regarding disbursements and transactions of, or the value of investments held by, a labour trust (other than a trust described in paragraph (6)‍(b)), that is limited exclusively to the direct expenditures or transactions by the labour trust in respect of a plan, trust or policy described in paragraph (6)‍(b);
(b) the address of a person in respect of whom paragraph (3)‍(b) applies; or
(c) the name of a payer or payee in respect of a statement referred to in any of subparagraphs (3)‍(b)‍(i), (v), (ix), (xiii) to (xvi) and (xix).
Clause 13: Existing text of subsection 239(2.‍31):
Offence: section 149.‍01
(2.‍31) Every labour organization or labour trust that contravenes section 149.‍01 is guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine of $1,000 for each day that it fails to comply with that section, to a maximum of $25,000.

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