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Bill S-212

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This enactment provides for a process for a First Nation to become a recognized First Nation that is self-governing under its constitution.
The First Nation is recognized as self-governing upon the approval of a proposal for self-government by the members of the First Nation in a referendum or in any other manner agreed on by the First Nation and the Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development.
Among other things, a recognized First Nation has the exclusive power to legislate in specified fields and the power to legislate in other fields with respect to its citizens and with respect to its First Nation lands and persons on those lands.

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