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The enactment provides for the establishment of regulatory regimes for commercial and industrial activities to be undertaken on reserve lands pursuant to agreements with first nations. As Parliament has exclusive jurisdiction to make laws in relation to Indian lands, some provincial regulatory laws do not apply on a reserve to the same extent as elsewhere in a province. To provide a means of closing that gap, the enactment authorizes regulatory regimes to be established in federal regulations, whether by the replication of provincial laws or otherwise.
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