Use of waters

11. (1) Subject to subsection (2), no person shall use, or permit the use of, waters in Nunavut except in accordance with the conditions of a licence.


(2) Subsection (1) does not apply in respect of

    (a) any unlicensed use of waters that is authorized by the regulations;

    (b) the use of waters

      (i) for a domestic purpose, or

      (ii) for the purpose of extinguishing a fire or, on an emergency basis, controlling or preventing a flood; or

    (c) the use of waters in a national park.

Duties in certain cases

(3) Where a person diverts waters for a purpose referred to in subparagraph (2)(b)(ii), the person shall, when the need for the diversion has ceased, discontinue the diversion and, in so far as possible, restore the waters to their original channel.

Deposit of waste

12. (1) Subject to subsection (2) and except in accordance with the conditions of a licence, no person shall deposit or permit the deposit of waste

    (a) in waters in Nunavut; or

    (b) in any other place in Nunavut under conditions in which the waste, or any other waste that results from the deposit of that waste, may enter waters in Nunavut.


(2) Subsection (1) does not apply in respect of

    (a) any unlicensed deposit of waste that is authorized by the regulations; or

    (b) the deposit of waste in a national park.

Duty to report deposits

(3) Where waste is deposited in contravention of this section, every person who owns or has the charge, management or control of the waste, or who caused or contributed to the deposit, shall, subject to the regulations, without delay report the deposit to an inspector.


Right to compensation

13. (1) Except as otherwise provided by a compensation agreement referred to in this Part, a person, including the designated Inuit organization, who is adversely affected by a licensed use of waters or deposit of waste, or by an unlicensed use of waters or deposit of waste authorized by the regulations, is entitled to be compensated in respect of that adverse effect by the licensee or the person so authorized and to recover the compensation in any court of competent jurisdiction.


(2) A person, including the designated Inuit organization, is entitled to recover compensation under subsection (1) only to the extent that the person is not paid compensation under any other provision of this Part in respect of the adverse effect.



Establishment and Organization of Board

Establishment of Board

14. (1) There is hereby established the Nunavut Water Board, the members of which are to be appointed by the Minister.

Number of members

(2) Subject to sections 16 and 17, the Board consists of nine members, including the Chairperson.


(3) The following rules apply to the appointment of members, other than the Chairperson:

    (a) one half of the members shall be appointed on the nomination of the designated Inuit organization; and

    (b) one quarter of the members shall be appointed on the nomination of

      (i) the territorial minister responsible for renewable resources, and

      (ii) the territorial minister or ministers designated, by an instrument of the Executive Council of Nunavut, for the purposes of this paragraph.

Appointment of Chairperson

(4) The Chairperson shall be appointed after consultation with the other members.

Term of office

15. (1) A member of the Board shall be appointed to hold office for a term of three years.

Acting after expiry of term

(2) If the term of a member expires before the member has made a decision in a matter for which a public hearing is held, the member may, with the authorization of the Chairperson, continue to act as a member only in relation to that matter until the hearing is concluded and a decision is made. The office of the member is deemed to be vacant as soon as the term expires for the purpose of the appointment of a replacement.

Additional members

16. Additional members may be appointed to the Board for the performance of a specified purpose, or for a term of less than three years, in the manner and the proportions provided by subsection 14(3).

Inuit of northern Quebec

17. (1) During any period preceding the ratification by the parties of an agreement to settle the offshore land claims of the Inuit of northern Quebec, the Minister shall appoint, on the nomination of Makivik, a number of substitute members of the Board equal to one-half the number appointed on the nomination of the designated Inuit organization.

Role of substitute members

(2) In respect of licensing decisions of the Board that apply to any area of equal use and occupancy described in Schedule 40-1 to the Agreement, the substitute members shall act in the place of such members appointed on the nomination of the designated Inuit organization as are identified by the Minister, after consultation with that organization, at the time of the appointment of the substitute members.


(3) Subject to subsection 15(2), the term of a substitute member is three years, except that the term of that member expires on the ratification referred to in subsection (1).

Status of substitute members

(4) Substitute members shall not be considered to be members, except in respect of decisions referred to in subsection (2).

Oath of office

18. Before taking up their duties, members of the Board shall take and subscribe the oath of office set out in Schedule 2 before a person authorized by law to administer oaths.


19. Any member of the Board may be removed for cause, but before a member who was nominated by the designated Inuit organization, Makivik or the territorial ministers is removed, the Minister shall consult the designated Inuit organization, Makivik or the territorial ministers, as the case may be.

Reappointmen t

20. A member is eligible to be reappointed to the Board in the same or another capacity.


21. Where the office of a member becomes vacant, the Minister shall, without delay, appoint a new member to that office, and if the vacancy occurs during the term of a member, a replacement shall be appointed only for the remainder of that term.

Duties of Chairperson

22. The Chairperson is the chief executive officer of the Board and has such powers, duties and functions as are prescribed by the rules or by-laws of the Board.

Conflict of interest

23. (1) No member of the Board may participate in a decision on a matter in which that member has a material conflict of interest.

Status of Inuk or interest in land

(2) A member is not placed in a material conflict of interest merely because the member has the status under the Agreement of an Inuk or has an interest in land in Nunavut.

Remuneration and expenses

24. (1) The members of the Board shall receive fair remuneration, as determined by the Minister, for the performance of their duties and shall be paid such travel and living expenses incurred while absent from their ordinary place of residence in the course of performing their duties as are consistent with Treasury Board directives for public servants.

Workers' compensation

(2) A member is deemed to be an employee for the purposes of the Government Employees Compensation Act and to be employed in the public service of Canada for the purposes of any regulations made under section 9 of the Aeronautics Act.


Language of business

25. (1) The Board shall conduct its business in both of the official languages of Canada in accordance with the Official Languages Act and any directives of the Minister and, on request by a member, in Inuktitut.

Public hearings

(2) The Board shall conduct public hearings in both of the official languages of Canada in accordance with the Official Languages Act and any directives of the Minister and, on request by a member, an applicant or an intervenor, in Inuktitut.

Translation or interpretation

(3) Nothing in subsection (1) or (2) shall be construed to prevent the use of translation or interpretation services where a member is otherwise unable to conduct business in Inuktitut or in either official language.


(4) The Board has, in any proceedings before it, the duty to ensure that any person giving evidence before it may be heard in Inuktitut or in either official language, and that in being so heard the person will not be placed at a disadvantage by not being heard in another of those languages.

Head Office and Meetings

Head office

26. The head office of the Board shall be at Gjoa Haven or at such other place in Nunavut as the Governor in Council may designate.

Business meetings

27. (1) The Board shall ordinarily hold its meetings in Nunavut.

Participation by telephone

(2) Subject to the rules and by-laws of the Board, any member may participate in a business meeting by means of telephone or other communications facilities that are likely to enable all persons participating in the meeting to hear each other, and a member so participating is deemed for all purposes of this Part to be present at that meeting.

Status and General Powers


28. (1) The Board is an institution of public government but is not an agent of Her Majesty.

Property and contracts

(2) The Board may, for the purposes of conducting its business,

    (a) acquire property in its own name and dispose of the property; and

    (b) enter into contracts in its own name.

Legal proceedings

(3) Actions, suits or other legal proceedings in respect of any right or obligation acquired or incurred by the Board may be brought or taken by or against the Board in its name in any court that would have jurisdiction if the Board were a corporation.


29. (1) The Board may establish panels of the Board and delegate any of its powers, duties and functions to them.


(2) Every panel shall consist of equal numbers of members appointed to the Board on the nomination of the designated Inuit organization or Makivik, as the case may be, and other members.


30. The Board may employ such officers and employees and engage the services of such agents, advisers and experts as are necessary for the proper conduct of its business, and may fix the terms and conditions of their employment or engagement and pay their remuneration.

Indemnificati on of Board members and employees

31. The members and employees of the Board shall be indemnified by the Board against all damages awarded against them, any settlement paid by them with the approval of the Minister and all expenses reasonably incurred by them, in respect of any claim arising out of their functions as members or employees, if those functions were carried out honestly and in good faith with a view to the best interests of the Board.

Financial Provisions

Annual budget

32. (1) The Board shall annually submit a budget for the following fiscal year to the Minister for consideration.


(2) The Board shall maintain books of account and records in relation to them in accordance with accounting principles recommended by the Canadian Institute of Chartered Accountants or its successor.

Consolidated financial statements

(3) The Board shall, within such time after the end of each fiscal year as the Minister specifies, prepare consolidated financial statements in respect of that fiscal year in accordance with the accounting principles referred to in subsection (2), and shall include in the consolidated financial statements any information or statements that are required in support of them.


(4) The accounts, financial statements and financial transactions of the Board shall be audited annually by the auditor of the Board and, where the Minister requests, the Auditor General of Canada. The auditor and, where applicable, the Auditor General of Canada shall make a report of the audit to the Board and the Minister.

Rules and By-laws

Powers of Board

33. (1) The Board may make rules and by-laws respecting the conduct and management of its business.

Principles to be applied

(2) The Board shall apply the following principles when making rules or by-laws for the conduct of public hearings:

    (a) the admission of evidence that would not normally be admissible under strict rules of evidence shall be allowed, and appropriate weight shall be given to such evidence;

    (b) due regard and weight shall be given to Inuit culture, customs and knowledge; and

    (c) procedural fairness shall be observed.

Non-applicati on of Statutory Instruments Act

(3) Sections 3, 5 and 11 of the Statutory Instruments Act do not apply in respect of rules and by-laws of the Board.

Pre-publicatio n

34. (1) The Board shall give notice at least sixty days in advance of making any rule or by-law about practice and procedure for applications and hearings before it by

    (a) publishing the proposed rule or by-law in a newspaper or other periodical that, in the opinion of the Board, has a large circulation in Nunavut; and

    (b) sending a copy of the proposed rule or by-law to the council of each municipality in Nunavut.

Representatio ns invited

(2) The notice referred to in subsection (1) shall include an invitation to interested persons to make representations in writing to the Board about the proposed rule or by-law within sixty days after publication of the notice.

Response to representation s

(3) The Board may not make the rule or by-law until after it has responded to any representations made within the time limit referred to in subsection (2).


(4) Once a notice is published under subsection (1), no further notice is required to be published about any amendment to the proposed rule or by-law that results from representations made by interested persons.


(5) As soon as possible after the rule or by-law has been made, the Board shall

    (a) publish it in a newspaper or other periodical that, in the opinion of the Board, has a large circulation in Nunavut; and

    (b) publish a notice in the Canada Gazette that the rule or by-law has been made, indicating the newspaper or periodical in which it has been published.

Objects of Board and Its Relationship with Other Bodies


35. The objects of the Board are to provide for the conservation and utilization of waters in Nunavut, except in a national park, in a manner that will provide the optimum benefit from those waters for the residents of Nunavut in particular and Canadians in general.

Land use plans

36. (1) The Board shall contribute fully to the development of land use plans so far as they concern waters in Nunavut, by providing recommendations to the Nunavut Planning Commission.